Among children ages 4 to 12, the following factors have a positive association with physical activity: 6
Factors negatively associated with adult physical activity include: 4
Among adolescents ages 13 to 18, the following factors have a positive association with physical activity: 6
2 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS, 2008.
People with disabilities may be less likely to participate in physical activity due to physical, emotional, and psychological barriers. Barriers may include the inaccessibility of facilities and the lack of staff trained in working with people with disabilities. 8
6 Van Der Horst K, Paw MJ, Twisk JW, et al. A brief review on correlates of physical activity and sedentariness in youth . Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Aug;39:1241-50.
Released in 2008, the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans is the first-ever publication of national guidelines for physical activity. The Physical Activity objectives for Healthy People 2020 reflect the strong state of the science supporting the health benefits of regular physical activity among youth and adults, as identified in the PAG. Regular physical activity includes participation in moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activities and muscle-strengthening activities.
5 Belza B, Walwick J, Shiu-Thornton S, et al. Older adult perspectives on physical activity and exercise: Voices from multiple cultures. Prev Chronic Dis. 2004 Oct;1:A09 . Available from: s.nihlibrary.nih.gov/pcd/issues/2004/oct/04_0028.htm
7 Davison KK, Lawson CT. Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006 Jul 27;3:19.
3 Rasberry CN, Lee SM, Robin L, et al. The association between school-based physical activity, including physical education, and academic performance: a systematic review of the literature. Prev Med. 2011;52:S10-S20.
Among children and adolescents, physical activity can:
Physical Activity Healthy People physical health articles 2020 2020
Physical Activity Healthy People physical health articles 2020 2020
Factors positively associated with adult physical activity include: 4
For people who are inactive, even small increases in physical activity are associated with health benefits. physical health articles 2020
Personal, social, economic, and environmental factors all play a role in physical activity levels among youth, adults, and older adults. Understanding the barriers to and facilitators of physical activity is important to ensure the effectiveness of interventions and other actions to increase levels of physical activity.
Environmental influences positively associated with physical activity among children and adolescents include: 7
Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Physical Activity objectives and other Healthy People topic areas.
4 Trost SG, Owen N, Bauman AE, et al. Correlates of adults’ participation in physical activity: Review and update,1996–2001. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Dec;34.
Improve health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity.
The Physical Activity objectives for Healthy People 2020 highlight how physical activity levels are positively affected by:
New to Healthy People 2020 are objectives related to policies targeting younger children through:
1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services , Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2008 Physical activity guidelines for Americans. Washington, DC: HHS; 2008.
Older adults may have additional factors that keep them from being physically active, including lack of social support, lack of transportation to facilities, fear of injury, and cost of programs. 5
Regular physical activity can improve the health and quality of life of Americans of all ages, regardless of the presence of a chronic disease or disability. 1, 2 Among adults and older adults, physical activity can lower the risk of:
More than 80% of adults do not meet the guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. Similarly, more than 80% of adolescents do not do enough aerobic physical activity to meet the guidelines for youth. Working together to meet Healthy People 2020 targets via a multidisciplinary approach is critical to increasing the levels of physical activity and improving health in the United States.
Data sources that are representative of the entire Nation are needed to monitor key characteristics of the environment, such as the availability of parks and trails, the usage of these spaces, and policies that promote physical activity at worksites, in communities, and in schools.
8 Rimmer JH, Riley B, Wang E, et al. Physical activity participation among persons with disabilities: Barriers and facilitators. Am J Prev Med. 2004 Jun;26:419-25.
Healthy People 2020 reflects a multidisciplinary approach to promoting physical activity. This approach brings about traditional partnerships, such as that of education and health care, with nontraditional partnerships representing transportation, urban planning, recreation, environmental health, and other fields. Several new objectives reflect this emphasis—for example, physical activity policies regarding child care and environmental settings . environmental health news articles 2020